Diabetes and sex – Everything you need to know

minute read
A couple with diabetes in a sexual relationship, spending some quality time together.
Photo credit - Ajay Donga.

Diabetes is a complex condition that can affect our lives in many ways. When discussing diabetes, the focus is often on managing blood sugar levels, following a healthy diet, and staying active. But there are other aspects of life that diabetes can impact. Sexual health is a key part of life, and for a diabetic the relationship between diabetes and sex can be particularly important.

Diabetes affects your blood vessels and nerves, and these systems play a crucial role in sexual function. If you neglect diabetes management, you may experience difficulties in your sex life. And the challenges may not be purely physical – Diabetes can also impact your psychological well-being, with the stress and emotional difficulties affecting your overall quality of life.

But by learning about the possible problems, picking up knowledge and strategies, and taking control of your sexual health, you can enjoy a rich, healthy and fulfilling sex life.

So let’s explore the connection between diabetes and sex, looking at information, tips and guidance so you can effectively manage your diabetes and stay sexually healthy.

Here’s everything you’ll need to know:

  • The connection between diabetes and sexual health
  • Diabetes, sexual health and communication
  • Tips to improve sexual well-being while managing diabetes
  • Safe sex and diabetes
  • Special considerations for women with diabetes
  • Resources and support
  • Conclusion: Diabetes and sex – A possible problem, but one you can overcome

The connection between diabetes and sexual health

Diabetes can affect your sex life in many ways, including both physical and psychological:

The relationship between blood sugar level and sexual function

From a physical perspective, the relationship between diabetes and sexual health comes down to the damage diabetes can do to your blood vessels and nerves.

  • Blood vessels – Over time, diabetes can damage your blood vessels and reduce blood flow throughout your body. For men, reduced blood flow can make it challenging to achieve and maintain an erection. For women, it can affect arousal and lubrication.
  • Nerves – Diabetes can also harm your nerves (i.e. neuropathy). Nerve damage can decrease sensitivity in the genital area, making it harder to experience pleasure during sex.

The good news is that if you effectively manage your blood sugar levels, you can reduce the risk of these complications and enjoy a more satisfying sex life.

Psychological factors on sexual health

Good sexual health doesn’t just rely on physical health. It’s also deeply connected to your emotional and psychological well-being. And so diabetes (which can cause feelings of stress, anxiety and depression) can negatively affect your sex life.

Here’s how:

  • Performance anxiety – The fear of being unable to perform sexually because of diabetes-related issues can cause performance anxiety. This can make it even harder to enjoy intimacy.
  • Body image concerns – Living with diabetes may lead to changes in your body, such as weight gain. These changes can affect your self-esteem and body image, impacting your sexual confidence.
  • Emotional stress – Constantly managing diabetes can be emotionally taxing. Stress and worry can make it harder to relax and fully engage in other activities, like sex.

To maintain a healthy sex life it’s important to recognise and address these psychological factors. Being open with your partner, actively talking to them and seeking their support when needed can make a big difference.

The effect of medications on sexual function

Some medications used to manage diabetes can have side effects on sexual function. For example, some drugs can cause sexual dysfunction or changes in libido.

If you have concerns about the side effects of your medications, talk to your doctor. They can work with you on a treatment and medication plan that suits your needs and minimises the possible impact on your sex life.

Diabetes, sexual health and communication

Open and honest communication is vital to managing sexual health and diabetes. Whether you’re in a long-term relationship, exploring new connections, or simply talking to your doctor, discussing your condition and its possible impact on your sex life is key.

Here are some tips and benefits you can receive when you talk about your diabetes and sexual health:

Open and honest dialogue with your partner

  • Seek understanding and support – When managing diabetes-related challenges in your sex life, your partner can be your strongest ally. Have open conversations with them about your condition, concerns, and needs. By sharing your feelings and experiences you can strengthen your bond, and help them understand what you’re dealing with.
  • Explore together – With your partner, you can explore ways to adjust your sex life in response to your diabetes. This could involve trying new activities or positions that are more comfortable for you.
  • Set realistic expectations – Both you and your partner should understand that diabetes may mean some changes in your sex life but that it doesn’t impact your connection. Talk to each other, keep communication open, set realistic expectations, and adjust to these changes together.

Remember, open communication needs input from both sides. Encourage your partner to share their feelings and concerns as well. Together, you can navigate the challenges of diabetes while maintaining a satisfying and fulfilling love life.

Talking about diabetes-related sexual concerns with your doctor

  • Don't be shy – For addressing diabetes-related sexual concerns, your doctor can be a valuable resource. They’re there to help you, so don’t be shy. Be honest, talk openly about any issues you’re experiencing, and be specific about your symptoms or concerns.
  • Ask about medication adjustments – If you’re facing sexual challenges, it may be caused by your diabetes but it could also be because of your medication. Ask your doctor if your medications could be contributing to your problems, and they may adjust your treatment or recommend therapies to help you manage these issues.
  • Seek mental health support – Diabetes can take a toll on your mental health, and this can cause problems in your sexual well-being. If you’re experiencing stress, anxiety, or depression, talk to your doctor about it and seek help from a mental health professional. They can provide strategies to help you cope with emotional challenges and improve your overall quality of life.

Tips to improve sexual well-being while managing diabetes

Being a diabetic doesn’t mean you have to sacrifice your sexual satisfaction. It’s possible to maintain a healthy and enjoyable sex life while effectively managing your diabetes.

Here are some practical tips:

Manage your blood sugar for better performance

  • Monitor and control your blood sugar level – Keeping your blood sugar within your target range can help improve your overall health and sexual function. Monitor and track it regularly.
  • Pay attention to timing – Some people find it helpful to engage in sexual activities when their blood sugar level is stable and they feel at their best. You should also avoid sexual activities if your blood sugar level is dangerously high or low.
  • Stay hydrated – Dehydration can cause discomfort during sex. Make sure you’re well-hydrated, especially if you take medications that increase your risk of dehydration.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle

  • Exercise regularly – Physical activity can improve blood circulation and boost your overall well-being. Talk to your doctor about an exercise plan that suits your needs and aligns with your diabetes management.
  • Eat a balanced diet – A healthy diet is crucial for managing diabetes. Focus on a balanced diet, taking in the right amount of carbohydrates, proteins and healthy fats. This can help stabilise your blood sugar level and provide the energy you need for sexual activities.
  • Manage your stress – High stress can negatively impact your sexual health. Practice stress-reduction techniques, like meditation, deep breathing, or yoga to relax and better enjoy moments of intimacy with your partner.

Overcome psychological barriers

  • Look for support – If you’re struggling with anxiety, depression or self-esteem issues because of your diabetes or sexual health, consider talking to a therapist or counsellor. They can give you advice and strategies on how to cope with these challenges.
  • Educate yourself – Simply understanding what’s happening in your body can greatly reduce fear and anxiety. Expand your knowledge and learn more about diabetes and its possible impact on your sex life. It will make it easier to handle psychologically.
  • Experiment and communicate – Try different things and share your feelings and experiences with your partner. Be open and explore new activities that could enhance your connection with one another.
  • Be patient – Improving your diabetes management and sexual health may take time. As you navigate these changes, be patient with yourself and your partner.

By following these practical tips, you can work towards a fulfilling and satisfying sex life while effectively managing your diabetes.

Safe sex and diabetes

Having a healthy and fulfilling sex life as a diabetic involves more than just managing your condition – You also need to ensure your safety and your partner’s.

The following tips will help you practise safe sex and reduce the risk of complications.

How to reduce the risk of complications during sex

  • Use protectionCondoms are essential for safe sex, particularly if you or your partner has diabetes. They not only prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections but also protect against skin irritations and infections that can cause problems for diabetics.
  • Use lubricant – Diabetes can sometimes cause dryness in the genital area. Use a water or silicone-based lubricant to reduce discomfort and make sex more enjoyable.
  • Check for injuries – Regularly check your genitals for cuts, sores or skin changes, and treat them promptly to avoid infections. This is particularly important if you have diabetic neuropathy, which can reduce sensation and make injuries harder to detect.

The importance of protection and prevention

  • Avoid sexually transmitted infections – Having diabetes doesn’t make you immune to sexually transmitted infections. In fact, diabetics may be more vulnerable to some infections because of their compromised immune function. Use protection to make sure you stay safe and healthy.
  • Avoid unplanned pregnancy – If you’re sexually active and don’t want to get pregnant, talk to your doctor. They can discuss birth control that’s safe for diabetics and help you choose the best option.
  • Get regular check-ups – It’s important to have routine check-ups with your doctor and talk about your sexual health during these appointments. They can provide guidance and advice on how to manage diabetes-related issues and any challenges you may have with your sex life.

Special considerations for women with diabetes

When it comes to sexual health, diabetes can present unique challenges for women. These include the impact of diabetes during pregnancy, and how menopause can affect diabetes and sexuality.

Diabetes, pregnancy, and sexual health

  • Planning for pregnancy – If you’re a female diabetic and you’re planning to get pregnant, talk to your doctor. Diabetes management during pregnancy is essential to keeping you and your baby healthy. Discuss your medication and blood sugar level targets and how to adapt them for pregnancy.
  • Sexual health during pregnancy – Many women find that during pregnancy their level of sexual desire and comfort changes. Diabetes adds another factor on top of this. Talk with your partner and doctor to address any concerns you may have and maintain a healthy pregnancy and sex life.

Menopause and its impact on diabetes and sexuality

  • Hormonal changes – Menopause is a natural phase in a woman’s life when her menstrual periods stop. It typically happens when a woman enters her late 40s or early 50s. The hormonal changes of menopause can affect blood sugar control, making diabetes management more challenging.
  • Sexual changes – Menopause can lead to changes in sexual health, such as reduced libido and vaginal dryness. These changes can impact your sex life. If you’re experiencing discomfort during sex because of vaginal dryness, talk to your doctor. Possible solutions could include hormone therapy or lubricants.
  • Lifestyle adjustments – As you go through menopause, focus on a healthy lifestyle. Follow a balanced diet, engage in regular physical activity, and work on managing your stress. By making these lifestyle adjustments, you can support your overall well-being and sexual health.

It’s important to remember that every woman’s experience with diabetes and menopause is unique. Talk to your doctor to develop a personalised treatment plan that meets your specific needs and concerns.

Resources and support

Coping with the complications of both diabetes and sexual health can be challenging, but remember you’re not alone. There are valuable resources and support options available to help you:

Support groups and online communities

  • Local support groups – Many communities have support groups specifically for people with diabetes. Joining a local group can connect you with people who understand your experiences and can offer support, encouragement and guidance.
  • Online communities – As well as local groups, you can also find support from online communities and forums. These groups are set up so people can discuss their experiences with diabetes and sexual health, ask questions, share stories, and learn from each other.

Professional help

  • Healthcare providers – Your doctor and endocrinologist are valuable resources for support, including across diabetes-related sexual concerns. During your regular check-ups, talk to them about any issues or challenges you’re facing.
  • Mental health professionals – Dealing with diabetes and sexual health problems can be emotionally challenging. A therapist or counsellor can provide support and strategies to improve your mental well-being.
  • Sexual health specialists – Sexual health specialists can offer specific guidance on sexual issues. They can also work with your doctor, becoming an important part of your diabetes healthcare team.
  • Educational resources – There are many books, articles and reputable websites that provide information on how to manage diabetes and sexual health. Just make sure you check they’re trusted sources with accurate, evidence-based information.

Remember, asking for help and support is a sign of strength, not weakness, and your well-being and sexual health are an important part of your overall health and quality of life. Make use of the resources that are available to you.

Conclusion: Diabetes and sex – A possible problem, but one you can manage

Diabetes can cause complications in sexual health, but these issues can be managed. By understanding the problem, growing your knowledge, and adopting healthy practices, you can manage it confidently and effectively.

The most important things to do are:

  1. Grow your knowledge – Knowledge is a powerful tool. By understanding how diabetes affects your sexual health and taking proactive steps to address it, you can effectively move forward.
  2. Be open and honest – Talk to your partner about your feelings, needs and concerns. Together, you can work through the challenges and strengthen your relationship.
  3. Get help when you need it – If you’re struggling, talk to your doctor, endocrinologist, mental health professionals, and support groups. Asking for help is a sign of strength and will help you move forward towards a healthier and happier life.
  4. Follow a healthy lifestyle – Managing your blood sugar level, staying physically active, eating a balanced diet, and managing your stress can improve your management of both your diabetes and your sexual well-being.
  5. Stay safe – Following safe sex practices helps protect your health and your partner’s health.

Managing diabetes and maintaining a healthy and fulfilling sex life requires balance, communication, and self-care. With the right knowledge, support, and outlook, you can effectively manage your diabetes and enjoy a satisfying sex life.

And remember, you’re not facing these challenges alone – There are resources and professionals available to help you every step of the way.

Disclaimer: The information in this article is for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have questions about your medical condition you should always consult your doctor or qualified healthcare provider.

Looking for more articles like this?

Want to keep up with the latest news, stories and recipes?

Sign up and get the latest updates straight to your inbox.
Thanks for signing up with us! We look forward to having you in our community!
Oops! Something went wrong, have you filled in all your details correctly?